How to store tyres properly?
Sooner or later, every motorist faces difficulties connected not only with the purchase and replacement of tyres for cars, but also with ensuring optimal conditions for storing winter or summer tyres. Only if properly stored, unused tyres will retain their performance characteristics and will serve for many years.
The ideal solution would be the services of seasonal storage of tyres, provided by specialized enterprises. In this case, the tyres would be stored in a warehouse with proper heating and properly arranged. Due to this, uneven pressure and deformation of tyres during long idle time can be prevented.
If a car owner does not want or cannot afford the services of such companies, he has to store tyres on the balcony in the flat, in the garage or other utility room. But it is important to know how to properly store tyres and protect them from frost and heat.
How to prepare tyres for storage?
It is important to prepare tyres for storage. First, you need to clean the tyres thoroughly, removing dust, dirt, stones and other stuck objects from the surface; otherwise the impact of abrasive particles can cause great damage to the tread. After you clean and wash the tyres, it is necessary to completely dry them, so that excessive moisture does not cause appearance of mould.
It is recommended to use bags from natural material (you can also purchase special covers) instead of plastic bags for packing tyres. In this case tyres will be aired and could “breathe”.
After preparing tyres, you should choose a suitable place for tyre storage.
Most preferred storage places
Summer and winter tyres can be stored:
- In flats, dry and clean storerooms. At the same time it is important that steam from the shower room and hot air flows from the kitchen do not reach the room with the tyres.
- On the glassed-in heated balconies.
- In dry heated garages. It is important that the tyres are stored away from chemical reagents and sources of open fire with sparks.
- In dry cellars. This option is possible with the observance of the rules and optimal storage conditions for car tyres (at a temperature of +15...+ 25 degrees, air humidity of 50-75%, and no evaporation of hazardous substances).
Not recommended storage places
Wheels and tyres are not recommended to store:
- In a common lobby at the entrance to a flat, cold areas on the floor and staircase. Fire safety regulations prohibit blocking of these premises, and other residents are unlikely to be happy to experience discomfort every day because of your tyres.
- In unheated garages, places where the tyres will be in direct contact with radiators, under a leaking pipeline, on a shelf with an uneven surface. Due to excessively low or high temperature, high humidity or very dry air, rubber can decompose, getting worse chemical and physical properties. This will significantly reduce its strength, elasticity and durability. A rough surface can cause deformation and damage to the tyres.
- On the open unglazed balcony. In such conditions, moisture, wind, direct sunlight and low temperatures have their impact on tyres, and they can quickly become unserviceable.
How to store tyres properly?
There are some differences regarding the storage of tyres with discs and without them. Let’s consider the features of each option.
Storage without discs
Needless to say, it is extremely difficult to strictly comply with the requirements of GOST in a living environment. If you do not want to pay for seasonal storage services by specialized companies, then the possible places, in which tyres will be stored waiting for the new season, are balcony or garage.
Minor deviations of temperature from the standard are permissible, but you need to consider that the main enemy of tyres is ultraviolet light. Over time, the tyre structure changes greatly in direct sunlight, its elasticity decreases and small cracks appear. Therefore, be sure to cover the tyres from the sunlight. The tyres should also be protected from possible weather effects (rain, snow).
To do this, use pieces of waterproof fabrics. You can also get special covers or packages. It is recommended to carefully examine the tyres to find possible bulges, deep cuts and other damages of the carcass.
It is strictly forbidden to hang tyres without discs, because it causes deformation quite quickly, leading to problems with sealing of the wheel. In addition, it is advisable not to stack the tyres horizontally on top of each other, since this will cause the deformation in width. The tyres without discs should be stored vertically next to each other in one row.
Storage of tyres with discs
A good way to store the wheels assembled is to hang them in a shed or garage. In this case, the load will be distributed on the wheels, preventing deformation of the tyres. When storing tyres on discs on the floor, it is forbidden to put them vertically. It is recommended to put 4 tyres on top of each other, since the rims will prevent tyres from deformation.